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Introduction / Summary (2018): Hello and welcome to our Sexuality pages. While this is not a pornographic site, it is provocative - founded upon what people search on the Internet (which is very interesting!). We then relate this to our biological and cultural evolution.
Sex is obviously important to people - and if you want to improve your sexual relationships then knowing the truth about our human evolution is the best foundation. By opening our minds to a greater diversity of behaviors, this knowledge will help you creatively cultivate healthy pleasurable moral attitudes and sexy smutty relationships (free from religious guilt & cultural myths).
Support an open honest discussion on the truth of our sexual evolution and behaviour. If you support sex positive, moral, informed sexual behaviour please share this knowledge. (These pages have a diverse collection of fascinating information relating to our human sexual evolution so people will appreciate it - see our 'nice letters' page!).
Sincerely, Karene.

"It is not enough to conquer; one must learn to seduce." (Voltaire) - "Desire is the essence of a man." (Spinoza)

Evolution & Promiscuous Behaviour
Male & Female Reproductive Strategies, Sperm, Ova, Competition, Choice, Benefits of Polyandry, Paternity, Genitals, Copulation

So males are naturally promiscuous and women are monogamous, right? Recent studies of evolutionary biology are now challenging this conventional wisdom. Women from many different species have evolved strategies for passing on their genes (and getting the best sperm) from multiple male partners.
Below you will find summaries of articles & websites supporting this view, including the latest research on Male and Female Reproductive Strategies, Benefits of Polyandry, Sperm Competition & Choice, Paternity & Protection, Genitals, Copulation, Insemination & Fertilisation etc.

'Promiscuous' is not a very popular search on the internet. This may be due to the rather difficult spelling. Obviously slang such as 'slut' does much better (15,000, ranked top 180).

promiscuity (26), teenage promiscuity (18), promiscuity statistics (13), gays and alcohol, drugs, and promiscuity (10), adolescent promiscuity (8), school behaviour and promiscuity (8)

promiscuous (1,635), promiscuous girl (701), nelly furtado promiscuous (522), promiscuous nelly furtado (259), promiscuous nelly (84), nelly furtado promiscuous girl (79)

On Promiscuity and Female Sexual Evolution

The evidence from evolution seems overwhelming that women have evolved a diversity of sexual strategies, all with the aim of getting the 'best' sperm based upon her position within the tribe.
While this may be a monogamous coupled relationship, as the research below shows, it is clear that there are many other strategies available to a woman as well.

* The shape of the penis causes it to act as sperm pump. The only explanation is to displace other male's sperm - thus it must have been common for the female to have sperm within her vagina from a variety of males.

* It is clear from evolution that the more promiscuous the female of the species is, the more 'sperm competition' strategies will evolve in the males (we have a great book on this, 'Dr Tatiana's Sex Advice to all Creation', by Olivia Judson).
Some species form such sticky / waxy semen that it becomes a plug that prevents other males fertilising the female. In human males there is also some Semen coagulation, and natural spermicide properties (to kill other male's sperm) which suggest the female was promiscuous.
Evolution, Human Reproduction & Fertilization: Semen Displacement as Sperm Competition Strategy

* Related to this, seminal fluid buffers acidity of vagina, creating more viable conditions for sperm.
Evolution and Group Sex: Successful Sex Strategy to be Last in Line

* There are benefits of multiple sex partners for sharing of diseases (and hormone function)

* By having multiple male partners the woman can confuse paternity (thus there is less chance of infanticide, males provide more help & food for raising young).
Sexual Evolution: Recent research challenges notion of Female Monogamy

* Women can have multiple orgasms (unlike men). This suggests that females evolved to have sex with a series of males in succession (which may partly explain the 'gang bang' fantasy of males).
Female Masturbation: A Variety of Techniques, Sexual Response & Multiple Orgasms

* Related to the above, children evolved to look more like their mothers (to confuse paternity). The male infanticide instinct is obviously more hostile to other male's children.

* The evolution of pornography. Males have evolved to watch other males having sex with woman, which aroused them in preparation for their turn.

* Similar to above, there is some instinct in males to masturbate in groups (waiting for turn with female).

* The woman's vagina is lubricated only at the beginning of sex. We suspect this is because seminal fluid also acts as a lubricant.

* Other primates are promiscuous. e.g. Bonobo (we need more research on this).

All in all the evidence is conclusive. Females have evolved to be promiscuous as one common strategy in their ancestry. And this diversity of behaviour is also shared by the males, creating a wonderfully rich and complex tapestry of sexual behaviours and strategies.

Sexual Evolution: Recent research challenges notion of Female Monogamy

For generations, biologists had assumed females to be naturally chaste, while males were renowned for their promiscuity. Now, hundreds of studies and a spate of books are challenging that conventional wisdom. Females of many species have evolved strategies for passing on their genes that involve copulating with multiple males - and recognition of that fact is literally changing our view of the birds and the bees.

'Natural selection, it seems, often smiles on strumpets,' says evolutionary biologist Olivia Judson, 'As a rule, loose females have more and healthier children.' ... On the surface, the conventional view made sense. Sperm seemed to come cheap to males, while eggs were expensive to females, which have to invest the time to raise offspring. ... Then came DNA paternity testing. The first and most extensive examples of polyandry were found among avian species, which was quite a shock to scientists because birds had appeared to be paragons of traditional family values.

Biologists have struggled to come up with broad theories for why females benefit from playing the field, but so far the reasons seem to vary widely according to species. A lot of complex theory boils down to this: A gal's got to do what's necessary to ensure the survival of her genes. In some cases, females may get more help around the home. In other cases, females swap sex for food - the more sex, the more food and the healthier their offspring. Promiscuity can also simply be a matter of survival. Male chimpanzees, for example, have been known to kill infants not their own. Frequent sex with several males can confuse paternity and act as insurance against harm to her offspring.

Females of many species have sex with multiple partners. Males, in turn, have adapted ways to ensure that their genes, and not those of competitors, are passed on. Understanding this co-evolution is changing our view of male and female sex roles.

Carol Cruzan Morton, Special to The Chronicle, Monday, February 17, 2003

Human Evolution: A History of Sex

Evidence that people have been promiscuous for a long time

LOTHARIOS everywhere will be pleased to hear that monogamy does not appear to be a natural human state. That, at least, is the conclusion of a study conducted by Michael Hammer at the University of Arizona in Tucson, and just published in Nature Genetics. By examining the DNA of living people, Dr Hammer and his colleagues have found that far fewer men than women pass their genes on to subsequent generations. ...

The most plausible explanation for this is that a few men in each generation contribute the bulk of the Y-chromosomes to the next. Indeed, the sums suggest that, over the years, half as many men as women have passed on their genes. This news will not surprise biologists. Although a moment's thought shows the old canard that males are actually, on average, more promiscuous than females cannot be true (since every reproductive act involves one of each) biologists have known for a long time that in most species males want to be more promiscuous than females. What holds them back is that females are choosy. And females also tend to be similar in their tastes, which means some males get chosen far more often than others, and therefore have more offspring. Females, by contrast, tend to have about the same number of offspring each.
The Economist, Sep 23rd 2004

Male, Female: The Evolution of Human Sex Differences

This book by David C. Geary attempts to explain human sex differences from a single theoretical perspective, Darwin's principles of sexual selection.
Rather than study gender roles (cultural constructions), which is the norm of many social scientists, Geary explores evolutionary biology.

Read More: Male, Female: The Evolution of Human Sex Differences



Analyse any human emotion, no matter how far it may be removed from the sphere of sex, and you are sure to discover somewhere the primal impulse, to which life owes its perpetuation.Analyse any human emotion, no matter how far it may be removed from the sphere of sex, and you are sure to discover somewhere the primal impulse, to which life owes its perpetuation. ... The primitive stages can always be re-established; the primitive mind is, in the fullest meaning of the word, imperishable. ... Mans most disagreeable habits and idiosyncrasies, his deceit, his cowardice, his lack of reverence, are engendered by his incomplete adjustment to a complicated civilisation. It is the result of the conflict between our instincts and our culture. (Sigmund Freud)

Related Pages

Philosophy of Sexual Evolution: Beauty, Bonding, Health, Pleasure
Anatomy: Pictures and Information on the Male and Female Human Body Nudity: Public vs Private (Family). Evolution, Culture, Ethics, Law
Animal Copulation: Interesting Facts & Pictures of Animal Mating Behaviour
Beauty & Natural Health: What we have Evolved to Find Beautiful Pleasure: Erogenous Zones, Mind & Body
Beautiful Babes: Beauty of Body & Mind, Picture Gallery of Women Primate Sexual Behaviour
Biology: Human Sexual Biology, Male & Female Genitals Promiscuity: Male & Female Reproductive Strategies, Competition, Benefits
Brain: Sexual Arousal, Orgasm, Limbic System, Left Right Emotion Reason Relationship Advice for Couples: Cultivation, Creativity, Love & Truth
Differences between Men & Women: Parental Care, Mating Strategies Reproduction: Sexual vs Asexual, Male & Female Reproductive Systems
Hair & Clothing: Evolution of Body Hair, Sexuality, Beauty & Fashion Sleep: Disorders, Sleeping with Family (Baby, Children, Dog)
Hormones: Function of Oxytocin, Estrogen, Testosterone Testosterone: Androgens, Declining Levels, Emotions, Violence
Immune System: Function, Strengthen Immunity with Sex  

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Evolution and Human Promiscuous Behaviour: Male Female Reproductive Strategies, Sperm, Ova, Competition, Choice, Benefits

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